Jakarta, The National Capital of Indonesia

Jakarta, formerly (before 1949) Batavia or (1949–72) Djakarta, is the biggest city and the capital of Indonesia. Jakarta is located on the northwest shore of Java at the mouth of the Ciliwung River on Jakarta Bay as an embayment of the Java Sea. It’s a metropolitan area of Greater Jakarta (Jakarta Raya) and almost coextensive with the Daerah Khusus Ibukota (unique capital district) of Jakarta. The latter one also includes several overseas islands in the Java Sea.

In 1966, the town was declared as a unique capital district. It gained a status that is approximately equal to that of a state or province. The city has been a significant trade and financial centre. It has also become a famous industrial city and a centre for instruction.


Jakarta is located on a shallow, flat alluvial plain with swampy areas that are extensive; the city’s neighbourhoods are greater. The use of swamps for building purposes and the constant decrease of upland forest vegetation have increased the danger of flooding. With this kind of a surplus of water in the ground, Jakarta has a shortage of drinking water. The region is fertile for fruit and other horticulture, as the majority of the soil is of the old source.

Town layout

Although the Dutch were the first one to try to organize the town, the town design is more British than Dutch character. It may be seen from such large squares since Medan Merdeka (“Freedom Field”) along with Lapangan Banteng (meaning “area of their gaur [large wild ox]”). The Oriental style, or even “indische” style, because the Dutch call it, is apparent not only in the town’s way of life but also in the types of houses, the vast, tree-lined streets, along with the original broad gardens and house lots.

Since World War II on the side of town, a satellite city has been constructed in Kebayoran. In other improvements, the houses and backyard lots are much smaller than in the Hawaiian districts. Jakarta has been a town of settlers who assimilated local approaches and eventually became Jakartans themselves. Some traditional neighbourhoods can, however, be recognized.


Jakarta’s populace has increased since 1940. Much of that growth is credited to immigration, which has transformed Jakarta into among the world’s largest urban agglomerations. Although the town closest to unemployed settlers, more excellent conditions inevitably attract men and women. Moreover, much of the population is young, leading to an all-natural increase potential. Evaluation of the flow shows that the groups will be East and Central Javanese; a large number are from Sumatra. Other people groups–Arabs, Indians, Europeans, and Americans–exist in little quantities.


The city is thus in an Indonesian province’s level, and its mayor has the same status as the governor of the province. Greater Jakarta is divided into five administrative municipalities. The mayor is responsible for supervising the administration of local authorities and for coordinating the regional offices of government ministries.

The city government is made up of two divisions, the executive and the electorate. The executive consists of a governor assisted by four vice governors, executive personnel, along with a regional secretary. However, there are also agencies, bureaus, and a variety of town directorates in order. The electorate consists of members drawn from so-called operational groups, the armed forces, and even political parties. It is headed by a council of four vice-chairmen, one chairman, and five members.

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